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December 14, 2004

Impact of plasmacytoid dendritic cells on outcome after reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic stem cell transplantation

Topics: Medicine

Dendritic cells continue to be a current topic of interest, from AIDS treatment to Leukemia prognostics.

Abstract Review with link to full-text article.

In Leukemia, Normal and Malignant Hemopoiesis, January 2005, Volume 19, Number 1, Pages 1-6
M Mohty , D Blaise , C Faucher, V-J Bardou, J-A Gastaut, P Viens, D Olive and B Gaugler

The reconstitution of the plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) compartment might influence outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Thus, we investigated the impact of blood PDCs measured at the third month after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 54 patients who received an HLA-identical sibling allo-SCT. The absence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) was associated with an improved PDC count at 3 months after RIC-allo-SCT (P=0.003; OR=6.4; 95% CI, 1.9-22). The CD34+ stem cell dose and other lymphoid subsets infused with the allograft did not affect PDC recovery. Although PDC count could not predict death from progression or relapse, patients with a 'high' PDC recovery profile had an improved overall survival (OS; P=0.03), in contrast to patients with a 'low' PDC recovery profile who had an increased incidence of nonrelapse mortality (GVHD, infections) (P=0.03). The overall incidence of late infections (viral, fungal and bacterial) was significantly higher in the 'low' PDC recovery group as compared to the 'high' PDC recovery group (59 vs 19%; P=0.002). In a multivariate analysis, only a 'high' PDC count was significantly predictive of a decreased risk of death (P=0.04; RR=0.34; 95% CI, 0.12-0.96). Monitoring of PDCs at 3 months after RIC-allo-SCT may be a useful indicator predictor of long-term outcome.

Leukemia (2005) 19, 16. doi:10.1038/sj.leu.2403558. Published online 4 November 2004

Full text available...

Posted by Hyscience at December 14, 2004 12:18 AM



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